Incarceration Nation

This map shows prison facilities in the United States. Most or all federal, state, tribal, and military prisons are shown here as well as immigration (ICE) holding facilities. Private prisons are shown regardless of whether the inmates are there because of federal or state convictions, juvenile detention, or immigration cases.

A small portion of the roughly 1600 facilities that have been used by ICE to house people in immigration-related cases are shown here. We're adding the rest as we have the resources. Few of the roughly 1,500 county and city jails are shown here. Also not shown are all the other facilities that are part of the prison industry. For example, the several hundred federal and state probation offices.

Incarcerating people in the United States is a large and expensive business that's highly profitable for some.

Map List by name

Incarcerated Americans

The United States incarcerates people at a percentage greater than any other country on Earth. For every 100,000 people, 639 are imprisoned. Plus, many U.S. prisons are now in private hands, thus incentivising that incarceration.

Incarceration rates by country Incarcerated Americans


Post-Civil War (1870) Most state felony disenfranchisement laws are created, along with poll taxes, and literacy tests in an attempt to keep Black men from voting.
1901 Alabama's “moral turpitude” added to State Constitution
1971 Richard Nixon declares War on Drugs
1974 Richardson v. Ramirez held that convicted felons could be barred from voting without violating the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
1983 Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) formed as the first private corrections company.
1984 Sentencing Reform Act - dropped rehabilitation as one of the goals of punishment
1997 Massachusetts votes to revoke the right to vote while incarcerated.

Felony Disenfranchisement by State

This table shows the percentage of eligible voters who are not allowed to vote because of felony disenfranchisement (FD). The fifteen states with the highest disenfranchisement are shown.

The “Con” column shows the states' conservative ranking, illustrating that felony disenfranchisement tends to be favored more by conservative states. The “ED” column shows the states' ranking in educational outcomes.

State FD Con ED
Mississippi 10.55% 1 50
Tennessee 9.09% 8 40
Alabama 8.94% 2 47
Florida 7.69% 26 27
Virginia 6.00% 35 8
Kentucky 5.92% 18 48
Arizona 4.86% 24 31
Arkansas 3.97% 9 50
Georgia 3.79% 15 24
Texas 2.80% 23 28
Idaho 2.72% 14 38
Wyoming 2.64% 3 42
Louisiana 2.23% 6 49
South Dakota 2.10% 5 34
Missouri 2.08% 10 33
Additional reading

American Jail Association

What Can We Learn From the History of Felony Disenfranchisement?

Number of People by State Who Cannot Vote Due to a Felony Conviction


Cocaine, Conspiracy Theories & the C.I.A. in Central America


Netflix Doc: CIA Flooded Black Communities With Crack